When you travel to Japan, you need to use their currency of course (see currency).
Americans have gotten into the habit of using credit / debit cards for almost all
their daily purchases. That strategy is not a very good one in Japan.
The Japanese are big on cash. They routinely carry the equivalent of $200-$300 around on their
person (at least, the middle class do). Credit cards are not widely used except in the major
establishments of the major cities. Even many tourist spots like ryokans or restaurants might not
accept credit cards.
Charging for goods and services: credit cards and debit cards
When you can use credit cards, you want to get the best value.
Most credit cards add 3% to the foreign exchange rate. A known exception is Capital One's
Venture and Venture One cards.
There are literaly hundreds of credit and debit card products out there, and this is a
constantly changing field. It is impossible to do exhaustive research (and it's
exhausting, too!). So, we recommend you talk to the customer service reps for
the cards you currently hold and find out:
- If you charge an item on the card, what fees are involved (transaction fee,
currency exchange fee, etc.)
- If you get money from an ATM, what fees are involved. Note:
for credit cards, ATM monies are considered loans, and interest accrues from day
one at their classic rates (high rates, like APR of 29% or more!). Debit
cards don't have this drawback.
Currency exchange: cash vs. ATMs (credit and debit cards)
As far as cash goes, the question is: where can you get the best deal in
exchanging dollars to yen? There are lots of sources of information, and
below you will find the most relevant as of this writing.
this site that has the current interbank rate. The exchange rate at Narita is
better than you will get for cash in the States. (No checks are accepted,
except traveler's cheques.)
Also note that in Japan you will generally get a slightly more favorable
exchange rate for traveler's cheques than cash! Typically about 2 yen
per dollar better. If you can get your traveler's cheques for free, then
it might be a viable option for you.
Local banks in Japan will generally give a worse exchange deal than at
Narita. Similarly, currency exchanges in cities will be more expensive.
As far as using an ATM for a cash advance, be aware that ATMs are not widely
available, and often they will not accept foreign credit cards (although
this is changing). This is not a problem at the airports, and most post offices
have ATMs that will accept foreign cards. Lately we have had good luck finding
ATMs that work for us at 7-11 stores!
In addition, you might have to pay a transaction fee; for most cards, the fee is the higher of
3% or $10; this is in addition to any currency exchange fee.
The main concern with ATMs is that if you use a credit card, you are getting a cash advance
that starts charging interest immediately, at a fairly high rate (typically around 29.5%
Note:, Capital One does charge an exchange rate fee for cash
advances at foreign ATMs. Their no-foreign-exchange-rate policy only applies to credit
card purchases of goods and services, not credit card cash advances.
But, when you use a debit card at an ATM, the money comes straight out of your checking
account. Interest is not charged. A foreign transaction fee might be charged; (Schwab
does not - see below, and at least some credit unions do not charge foreign transaction
fees, so ask).
This "money conversion" issue probably does not have a one size fits all type of answer.
Take some time to do research for your circumstances.
The best deal for using ATMs for cash advances / currency exchanges
OK, here is what seems to be the best deal: Schwab Bank High Yield Investor Savings
This account has no minimum balance, provides a small interest (currently .4% APY),
and has these especially enticing features for the debit card you get: 1) there is
no charge for using ATMs anywhere in the world; 2) if you use an ATM that charges
you a fee, Schwab will reimburse you the next month; and 3) (an undocumented feature)
there are no currency conversion fees: you get the interbank rate!
Note: there are some limits: $1000 / day ATM withdrawal; you are only allowed
six debit transactions (that is, charging for goods or services) per statement
For more information go to:
Schwab Bank High Yield Investor Savings
The bottom line
So here is a summary of the most effective way to deal with currency exchange on a trip to Japan:
- Get a Schwab savings account and use the debit card to get yen from ATMs
Alternatively, check with a credit union, if you are
a member or elegible to become a member
Alternatively, Capital One has a
checking account that has a debit card with
no ATM charges and no currency exchange fees!
They reimburse ATM fees up to $10 per month (the Schwab card has no stated limit)
- Get a Capital One Venture or Venture One credit card for charging good and services
Alternatively, check with your credit or debit card carrier for their rates
- For backup, get travelers checks (if you can get them for free) or just bring cash
Finally: get some perspective. Do not rearrange your personal financial tools if it
is just for this trip! The actual costs, charges, and fees might add up to $100. Maybe.
Maybe less. So consider the trade-offs for you personally in terms of costs vs. hassle.
If you will be doing more travel, especially internationally, it might make sense. But
if you don't think you will use any of these recomendations after this trip, then maybe
you should just not worry about it.
You might consider these additional resources
Caveat: all the above information is accurate at the date of writing, but things
change. So always verify information fairly close to your departure date.